Infants’ Motor Development: Steps in the Development Process
In the early stages of development, motor development can be measured by hand and foot movements and coordination. It takes time to develop these skills. When it comes to motor development for infants, the time spent on hand and foot movements may vary according to factors like the age of the infant, how fast the child grows, and even the sex of the baby. Some studies have shown that babies who grow up in low socioeconomic areas, who are exposed to greater amounts of pollutants, are less likely to develop fine motor skills than babies whose parents are educated and skilled at the early stage of their life.
Generally recognized as the manipulation and movement of the upper body and hands, fine motor skill includes grasping, reaching and manipulating items with your hands. This is a complete list of fine motor skill developmental milestones in infants.
At the initial development stage, all infants move their eyes around to look at objects, move their heads to look at various directions, and make facial expressions. They begin to recognize shapes, color, and texture, and respond appropriately by touching, sucking, chewing or crying. They can distinguish among multiple shapes, form letters, push toys, plush dolls, and learn to use sound to communicate with you.
At the initial developmental period, babies have the ability to roll over on their stomachs, crawl over, and sit on their stomachs. These capabilities develop through the first three years and are usually retained through school age. Babies also become able to turn their head to the right or left, hold objects in their mouth and roll their eyes.
When babies are between six months and two years old, they begin to acquire gross motor skills, such as being able to hold a cup of water, push a ball or toy, and sit on their hands and feet. Babies who are older can begin to sit on their own, walk on their own, crawl, talk and laugh. Babies can develop gross motor skills, such as brushing, counting, pointing, making faces, using gestures, and writing.
The milestones and development of initial motor skill development milestones, though, may not occur at the same pace. As a parent, it is essential that you monitor the development of your child and pay attention to his needs and develop a plan for his development. A strong, supportive family, where parents play active roles, non-judgmental role, are willing to help in every way possible, is a major key to a successful child development.